Carpal tunnel syndrome is a compression neuropathy wherein the median nerve is compressed inside of the carpal canal. Its diagnosis is made clinically, electrophysiologically, and sometimes by carpal canal pressure measurement. The objective of surgical management of this condition is the decompression of the median nerve. We usually measure carpal canal pressure preoperatively and postoperatively using a continuous infusion technique for diagnoses as well as for postoperative evaluation of decompression following our Universal Subcutaneous Endoscope system procedure. To evaluate whether our procedure effectively decompressed the median nerve, we measured intraneural pressure preoperatively and postoperatively in the resting position, with active power grip, and in the Okutsu test position. Correlation between the carpal canal pressure and intraneural median nerve pressure was statistically analyzed using the Kendall rank correlation coefficient (n = 157 hands). A significant correlation was present preoperatively in resting position and postoperatively with active power grip and in the Okutsu test position. Because of this correlation, we conclude that our endoscopic operative procedure effectively decompresses the median nerve and that simple carpal canal pressure measurement is sufficient to confirm diagnoses and to evaluate the status of postoperative decompression.