A Case of Triple-Negative Myasthenia Gravis Lambert-Eaton Overlap Syndrome With Negative Agrin and LRP-4 Antibodies


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Abstract

A case of triple-negative myasthenia gravis Lambert-Eaton overlap syndrome with negative Agrin and LRP-4 antibodies. Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disorder that shares similar features with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. The combined clinical and electrophysiological findings of MG and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome have been reported, these cases represent the so-called “myasthenia gravis Lambert-Eaton overlap syndrome” (MLOS). A total of 55 MLOS cases have been identified, 13 cases were reported before the acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody (ab) testing era, 14 during the AChR-ab era, 26 during the voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC)-ab era, and 2 cases have been reported during the muscle-specific kinase (MuSK)-ab era, of these; only 1 patient tested negative for all 3 antibodies. New immunological markers have been identified in the study of MG [Agrin and the low-density lipopro-tein receptor-related protein 4 (LRP-4)]. We present a patient with MLOS who tested negative for all 5 (AChR, MuSK, VGCC, Agrin, and LRP-4) serologic markers.

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