Fatal Case of Metformin-Associated Lactic Acidosis Associated With Temporary Ileostomy: A Case Report


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Abstract

BACKGROUND:Metformin is considered a first choice for oral treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes in the absence of contraindications. Colorectal cancer is the second most frequent cancer among the general population; low anterior resections and temporary diverting ileostomies are commonly performed in this population. As the incidence of type 2 diabetes increases, the use of metformin in patients with both type 2 diabetes and an ileostomy will most likely increase as well.CASE:We present the case of a patient affected by colorectal cancer who developed a severe metformin-associated lactic acidosis (MALA) after creation of a temporary ileostomy to protect a low colorectal anastomosis. High-volume output from his ileostomy led to significant fluid loss and electrolyte imbalance, his condition was complicated by MALA, resulting in death.CONCLUSION:The population of ileostomy patients who also have type 2 diabetic and taking metformin is at risk for MALA. High stomal output can lead to dehydration, with a loss of fluids and electrolytes and metformin could aggravate this condition, potentiating the risk of MALA.

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