Coumarins are competitive inhibitors of cytochrome P450 1B1, with equal potency for allelic variants

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Abstract

Objectives

Coumarins are naturally occurring chemicals with potential as chemopreventive agents, several with known action on the cytochrome P450 1A family. We examined whether cytochrome P450 1B1 (CYP1B1) was inhibited by coumarins, whether such inhibition was competitive, and whether inhibition varied between common polymorphic variants of this enzyme.

Methods

We tested the inhibition properties of four coumarins, bergamottin, isopimpinellin, isoimperatorin, and imperatorin in an assay for oxidation of (−)benzo[a]pyrene-7R-trans-7,8-dihyrodiol (B[a]P-7,8-diol) by CYP1B1 using yeast-microsome expressed enzymes. These assays were performed with wild-type enzyme and five single-amino acid polymorphic variants.

Results

All four coumarins are competitive inhibitors of CYP1B1, with Ki values equal to 587, 11, 6 and 1 μM respectively. Inhibition parameters were consistent between five haplotypes of CYP1B1, three representing common haplotypes in Asians, African-Americans and European-Americans, and two with baseline kinetic parameters previously shown to be potentially different from wild-type.

Conclusions

Coumarins are capable of inhibiting carcinogen activation by CYP1B1 with varying potencies, and their efficacy as chemopreventive agents is not likely to be affected by polymorphism in this enzyme.

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