A screening program was initiated and performed at five hospitals in Konya, Turkey from 1988 to 1990. Four thousand one hundred seventy-three infants aged 3-24 months were examined. With this study, we hoped to determine the incidence of and contributing factors to the etiology of congenital dislocation of the hip (CDH) in the central region of Turkey. The overall CDH incidence was 1.34%. CDH occurred about three times more often among girls than boys (40 girls vs. 16 boys). No infant with CDH had been delivered by Cesarean section or breech presentation. No teratologic CDH was detected. The relationship between CDH and swaddling (bundled in extension and adduction) was statistically significant.