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To determine whether circulating antibodies against oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL; OLAB) levels are associated with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in individuals without classical cardiovascular risk factors.A case–control study including 34 first AMI patients without classical risk factors (smoking, dyslipidemia, hypertension or diabetes) and 45 population-based healthy controls.There were no differences in anthropometric variables between cases and controls. Oxidized LDL levels were similar in both groups. Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B and physical activity were lower in cases than in controls. OLAB levels were also lower in cases than controls (128 versus 447 U/l, P <0.001). After adjusting for age, oxidized LDL and physical activity, participants with OLAB levels of 165 U/l or less had a higher risk of AMI (odds ratio, OR = 7.48, 95% confidence interval: 1.57–35.66). When the model was fitted with OLAB as a continuous variable, the natural logarithm (LnOLAB) levels were independently associated with AMI with an OR of 0.40 (95% confidence interval: 0.19–0.86). After adjusting the model by Framingham-risk-adapted score and oxidized LDL, the LnOLAB levels maintained their independent association (OR of 0.43, 95% confidence interval: 0.23–0.79).First AMI patients without classical risk factors had lower levels of OLAB compared with healthy controls. It is likely that the immunological reaction due to oxidized LDL participates as a preventive factor in the physiopathology of atherosclerosis.