Early results of MitraClip system implantation by real-time three-dimensional speckle-tracking left ventricle analysis
To appraise the early effect of percutaneous mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system on myocardial function using real-time three-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (3D-STE).Methods
Consecutive patients with moderate-to-severe or severe mitral regurgitation, undergoing mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system, were prospectively evaluated during the peri-procedural workout and follow-up. Left ventricular deformation was evaluated by a two-dimensional and 3D speckle-tracking analysis. 3D-STE acquisitions were elaborated obtaining real-time 3D global longitudinal strain evaluation, and by appraising both volumetric and hemodynamic parameters (i.e. left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end-systolic volume, left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac output, and stroke volume).Results
In all, 30 patients were included. At 1-month follow-up, 3D-STE analysis revealed no changes in left ventricular end-diastolic volume (162.6 ± 73.7 ml at baseline vs. 159.8 ± 64.5 ml at 1-month follow-up; P = 0.63) and a downward trend in left ventricular end-systolic volume (104.7 ± 52.0 vs. 100.1 ± 50.4 ml, respectively; P = 0.06). Left ventricular ejection fraction did not significantly increase (38.1 ± 11.3% at baseline vs. 39.4 ± 11.0% at 1-month follow-up; P = 0.20). No significant changes were reported in cardiac output (4.3 ± 2.0 l/min at baseline vs. 4.0 ± 1.5 l/min at follow-up; P = 0.377) and in stroke volume (59.5 ± 25.5 ml at baseline vs. 59.9 ± 20.7 ml at follow-up; P = 0.867). On the contrary, left ventricular deformation capability significantly improved, with the real-time 3D global longitudinal strain value changing from −9.8 ± 4.1% at baseline to −11.0 ± 4.4% at follow-up (P = 0.018).Conclusions
Accurately assessing myocardial function by the use of 3D-STE, this study reported irrelevant early changes in left ventricular size, but a positive effect on left ventricular deformation capability following mitral valve repair with the MitraClip system. These preliminary results need to be confirmed in larger series and extended to long-term follow-up.