Type A Aortic Dissection Complicated by Renal and Lower Extremity Malperfusion

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Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening condition with the potential for serious complications such as myocardial infarction, heart failure, stroke, paraplegia, renal failure, mesenteric ischemia, and limb ischemia. Emergency department clinicians must be aware of the potential ischemic complications of aortic dissection and act quickly to prevent irreversible organ damage and death. This article highlights a case of a 49-year-old man who developed renal and lower extremity malperfusion secondary to Stanford Type A aortic dissection. Important historical clues and objective findings characteristic of acute aortic dissection and end-organ ischemia are discussed with the purpose of increasing reader knowledge of aortic dissection and signs of organ malperfusion with the hope that better awareness results in improved patient outcomes.

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