OPTICAL COHERENCE TOMOGRAPHY ANGIOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN A CASE OF CONGENITAL RETINAL MACROVESSEL WITH ANOMALOUS RETINAL ANASTOMOSIS ASSOCIATED WITH CONTRALATERAL MYELINATED NERVE FIBERS AND RETINAL VASCULAR ABNORMALITIES


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Abstract

Purpose:To describe a case of congenital retinal macrovessel complicated by cystoid macular edema associated with contralateral myelinated retinal nerve fibers and retinal vascular abnormalities studied with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).Methods:Case report.Results:A healthy 25-year-old woman with decreased vision in her right eye was found to have a congenital retinal venous macrovessel in the macula associated with cystoid edema. In the contralateral amblyopic eye, the examination revealed a tuft of myelinated retinal nerve fibers along the superotemporal vascular arcade associated with superficial vascular abnormalities. A complete multi-imaging examination was obtained, including fundus color photography, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and optical coherence tomography angiography. At 1-week follow-up, the optical coherence tomography displayed spontaneous resolution of the edema that remained stable at consecutive 1-month follow-up.Conclusion:Congenital retinal macrovessels can be associated with other ocular developmental anomalies. Vascular complications can occur, leading to macular edema and retinal ischemia. Optical coherence tomography angiography can be useful for the diagnosis and follow-up of this condition.

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