Promotion of Home-Based Exercise Training as Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease: A PILOT WEB-BASED INTERVENTION

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Abstract

Background:

Although cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is cost- effective in improving the health of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), less than half of eligible CHD patients attend a CR program. Innovative web-based technologies might improve CR delivery and utilization. We assessed the feasibility and impact on functional capacity and secondary prevention targets of a long-term web-monitored exercise-based CR maintenance program.

Methods:

Low- to moderate-risk CHD patients were recruited at discharge from inpatient CR after a coronary event or revascularization. We developed an interactive web-based platform for secure home individual access control, monitoring, and validation of exercise training. Of 86 eligible patients, 26 consented to participate in the study intervention (IG). Using a quasi-experimental design, we recruited in parallel 27 eligible patients, unavailable for regular web monitoring, who consented to a follow-up visit as usual care (UC).

Results:

Among IG, active daily data transmission was 100% during month 1, 88% at month 3, and 81% at 6 months, with sustained improvement in self-reported physical activity beginning with the first week after discharge from inpatient CR (2467 [1854-3554] MET-min/wk) to month 3 (3411 [1981-5347] MET-min/wk, P = .019). Both groups showed favorable changes over time in lipid profile, ventricular function, distance walked in 6 min, and quality of life. At 6 mo, IG achieved a significantly higher proportion of cardiovascular risk factor targets than UC (75 ± 20% vs 59 ± 30%, P = .029).

Conclusions:

Our web-based home CR maintenance program was feasible, well-accepted, and effective in improving physical activity during 6 mo and achieved higher overall adherence to cardiovascular risk targets than UC.

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