Early versus delayed same-admission laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis in elderly patients with comorbidities

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

The optimal timing of same-admission laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for acute cholecystitis (AC) in elderly patients, especially those with significant comorbidities, is not clear.

METHODS

This is a National Surgical Quality Improvement Program study, which included patients older than 65 years undergoing LC for AC. Patients with choledocholithiasis were excluded. Patients were divided into two subgroups as follows: no significant comorbidities (American Society of Anesthesiologists [ASA] score ≤ 2) and significant comorbidities (ASA score > 2). Patients undergoing LC within 24 hours of admission (early LC) were compared with patients undergoing LC later than 24 hours after admission (delayed LC), using univariable and multivariable regression analyses.

RESULTS

A total of 4,011 patients were included in the study. Early LC was performed in 38.0% and delayed LC in 62.0% of the patients. Regression analysis identified early LC as an independent predictor for shorter anesthesia time and postoperative length of stay, overall and in the subgroup with an ASA score greater than 2.

CONCLUSION

Early, within 24 hours of admission, LC for AC in patients older than 65 years with significant comorbidities is associated with shorter postoperative stay and no increase in postoperative complications or conversion to open cholecystectomy.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

Therapeutic study, level IV.

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