Umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation for the treatment of diabetic foot in 11 cases

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Totally 11 subjects with diabetic foot have been treated by umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cell (UCB-MSC) transplantation from November 2006 to October 2008 at the Chengyang People's Hospital of Qingdao City. The course of disease was 6-18 years. Following over 6-months drug treatment and/or scaffold implantation, vascular bypass outcomes were bad. Of these patients, there were foot and/or lower limb cooling, pain, intermittent claudication and rest pain in 7 cases, abnormal color in foot skin in 7 cases, foot ulcer in 6 cases, gangrene in 4 cases, and concurrent infection in 2 cases. UCB-MSCs were obtained from healthy pregnant women, and supplied by Beike, Shenzhen, China. Following epidural or lumbar anesthesia, UCB-MSC suspension [cell number (1-6)×1011/L, 0.3-0.5 mL per point] was injected into affected lower extremity through multipoint muscles, with a distance among each point was about 3 cm × 3 cm. Demixing injection could be performed in regions with plenty of muscles. At 1-4 weeks following transplantation, foot pain in 9 cases got amelioration or easement and cold sensation in 10 cases improved markedly. At 4-16 weeks after transplantation, foot ulcers were better and ulceration area reduced in 4 cases, gangrene area in 2 patients reduced and avoided amputation. 1 limb was amputated but with lowered level of amputation. After 12-24 weeks, 6 patients with intermittent claudication improved obviously, ankle-brachial index (ABI) increased in 3 cases, angiography showed an increase in visible collateral vessels in 3 patients. Transplantation of UCB-MSCs might be a simple, safe and effective method for patients with lower limb ischemia. It can effectively increase blood flow of lower limbs, promote ulcer healing and decrease amputation rate and amputation level.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles