Prosthetic is an important part of rehabilitation engineering research.OBJECTIVE:
To summarize the development course of prosthetics at home and abroad.METHODS:
CNKI database was retrieved for articles published from January 2001 to January 2011 with the key words of “prosthetics, prosthetic development, classification, product” in Chinese, at the same time IEEE/IET Electronic Library database was also retrieved for articles published from January 1980 to January 2011 with the key words of “prosthetics, prosthetic development, product” in English. A total of 206 articles were obtained, and finally 16 articles were included for review.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:
The first half of the twentieth century, the United States as the representative of industrialized countries carried out large-scale studies on prosthetic technology, which caused the theory and practice of prosthesis have a significant progress. With the development of industry, using new material such as alloy, plastic and so on are successfully developed various modern prosthetics. Due to start later, China artificial limbs has some gap as compared with foreign products. And because of the particularity of prosthetic industry, artificial limbs personnel have to work in many disciplines in the group with the surgeon, physical therapists, homework therapists, psychotherapist, social workers and other professionals to work together, thus better services for patients.