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Anterior lumbar interbody fusion has become a standard technique for interbody fusion. Now it is widely used for the treatment of many degenerative diseases, such as isthmic spondylolisthesis, lumbar discogenic pain and lumbar instability.


To summarize research progress of species and application of anterior lumbar interbody fusion device as well as the species of internal fixation devices.


The PubMed database (1979-01/2012-01) was retrieved with the key word of “anterior lumbar interbody fusion” in English and the Wanfang database (1979-01/2012-01) was also retrieved with the key word of “anterior lumbar interbody fusion” in Chinese. Literatures were limited to English and Chinese languages.


Totally 567 literatures were obtained from the initial computer screen, and 39 documents of them were involved for analysis according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Recently, we have obtained significant development on the application of anterior lumbar interbody fusion, as well as the appearance and the material of interbody fusion device, the interbody fusion rate developed continuously. A variety of internal fixation devices have applied in clinic to enhance the stability of anterior fusion; the clinical application of small-incision surgery and the development of laparoscopic surgery make the surgery tend to minimal invasion.

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