Accumulating evidence shows that, low molecular heparin can prevent and treat early osteonecrosis of femoral head, but the mechanism remains unclear. The heparin exhibits a dynamic balance with heparanase in vivo, and inhibits heparanase expression.OBJECTIVE:
To observe the changes of heparanase and tissue factor pathway inhibitor expression level in plasma and femoral head of patients with idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head, and investigate the pathophysiological role of heparanase in the progression of idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head.METHODS:
A total of 36 patients with idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head were randomly divided into four groups according to ARCO I-IV period, with nine patients in each group. Patients with fresh femoral neck fracture for hip arthroplasty were included in the control group. Heparanase and tissue factor pathway inhibitor levels in preoperative venous plasma were measured by ELISA, and in subchondral necrosis bone of ARCO II-IV groups were observed for western blot analysis and hematoxylin-eosin staining.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:
In plasma, heparanase and tissue factor pathway inhibitor levels were significantly increased along with the development of idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head compared with control group, the highest levels were found in ARCO III period, and then slightly decreased in ARCO IV period, showing significant differences. The protein levels of heparanase and tissue factor pathway inhibitor in necrosis bone were increased significantly compared with control group, the highest levels occurred in ARCO III period, no obvious difference was found between ARCO II and IV periods. Heparanase and tissue factor pathway inhibitor levels are gradually increased along with the development of the necrosis, and heparanase plays an important role in idiopathic osteonecrosis of femoral head.
Subject headings: femur head necrosis; heparin lyase; femoral neck fractures; arthroplasty, replacement, hip
Tian KX, Han YT. Heparanase expression in necrotic bone and peripheral blood after osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Zhongguo Zuzhi Gongcheng Yanjiu. 2014;18(20):3230-3235.