Effect of different decellularizing methods on cell-secreted extracellular matrixin vitro

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Compared with single or composite biomolecular materials, decellulazied matrices are more biomimetic to natural ectocytic surroundings. So cell-secreted extracellular matrix is paid more and more attention in the field of tissue engineering, and the composition of these matrices are influenced by decellulezired preparation methods more or less. But there are few studies about the biological effect of different decellulazried methods on the extracellular matrix.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the composition of cell-secreted extracellular matrices in vitro by different decellularizing methods and their effects as surface modification on cytobiological reaction.

METHODS:

After the treatment of different decellularizing methods (freeze/thaw cycles, trypsin, weak alkal, detergents), the extracellular matrix was obtained and grouped into four kinds. The biological composition of the extracellular matrix was determined by ELISA assay. Then osteoblasts were seeded onto the four kinds of extracellular matrix surfaces. Cells cultured normally served as controls. The effect of extracellular matrix coatings on cell growth and differentiation were determined by MTT test and alkaline phosphatase activity test.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

The residual components were the most in the freeze-thaw group, followed by the detergent and weak alkal groups, and the least in the trypsin group. Compared with the control group, the absorbance value of cells were lower in the freeze-thaw and detergent groups at days 3, 5, 7 after inoculation (both P < 0.05); the alkaline phosphatase activity was lower in the trypsin group at days 5, 7 after inoculation (P < 0.05), in the weak alkal group at 7 days after inoculation (P < 0.05), and in the detergent group at days 3, 5, 7 after inoculation (P < 0.05). Therefore, we can harvest more extracellular matrices by the freeze-thaw method, and the extracellular matrix coating synthesized by the freeze-thaw method is more helpful for cell growth than others.

Subject headings:

osteoblasts; extracellular matrix

Funding:

the Research Fund of Anhui Medical University, No. 2012xkj073

Funding:

Fan LM, Xia R, Dou XC. Effect of different decellularizing methods on cell-secreted extracellular matrix in vitro. Zhongguo Zuzhi Gongcheng Yanjiu. 2014;18(30):4863-4867.

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