Vertebroplasty with artificial bone repairs vertebral compression fractures in the elderly: 3-month follow-up results

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bone cement used in the vertebroplasty treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures is nonabsorbable and has stronger intensity than normal bone tissue, which can cause further fractures of adjacent segments.

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the short-term effect of vertebroplasty with artificial bone in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures.

METHODS:

A total of 21 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures were enrolled, including 7 males and 14 females, aged 61-89 years old. All the patients were subjected to vertebroplasty with calcium sulfate injection. Visual analog scale and Oswestry Disability Index assessment were used before and at 0, 24, 48 weeks after treatment; meanwhile, X-ray and CT were used to observe the filling and leakage of artificial bone.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

After treatment, all the patients showed improvements in the scores of visual analog scale and Oswestry Disability Index (P < 0.01). X-rays and CT scans showed that there were three cases of leakage but without spinal cord and nerve compressions. After 3 months, most of the artificial bone was absorbed. These findings indicate that vertebroplasty with artificial bone can ease pain and improve living conditions of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.

Subject headings:

vertebroplasty; osteoporotic fractures; calcium sulfate

Subject headings:

Zhao WB, Li J, Li Y, He ZW. Vertebroplasty with artificial bone repairs vertebral compression fractures in the elderly: 3-month follow-up results. Zhongguo Zuzhi Gongcheng Yanjiu. 2014;18(30):4917-4920.

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