Three-dimensional organization of interphase fibroblast nuclei in two closely related shrew species (Sorex granariusandSorex araneus) differing in the structures of their chromosome termini

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A FISH with a probe for telomeric and rDNA repeats and immunofluorescence with ANA CREST and antibodies to nucleolae protein B23 were used to study the three-dimensional (3D) organization of fibroblast interphase nuclei in two shrew twin species, Sorex granarius and Sorex araneus, of the Cordon race. Karyotypes of these species are composed of nearly identical chromosomal arms and differ in the number of their metacentrics and the structures of their terminal chromosome regions. In the short arms of S. granarius, 32 of the acrocentrics have large telomeres that contain an average of 218 kb telomere repeats, which alternate with ribosomal repeats. These regions also contain active nucleolar organizing regions (NORs). In contrast, in active NORs in S. araneus are localized at the terminal regions of 8 chromosomal arms (Zhdanova et al., 2005; 2007b). Here, we show that associations of chromosomes by telomeres and the contact of a part of the telomere clusters with the inner nuclear membrane and nucleolus characterize the interphase nuclei of both Sorex granarius and Sorex araneus. We also reveal the partial colocalization of telomere and ribosomal clusters and the spatial proximity of centomeric and telomeric regions in the interphase nuclei of S. granarius. It appears that only ribosomal clusters containing a sufficient number of active ribosomal genes exhibit a connection with the nucleolus. Nucleolus disassembly during the fibroblastís transition to mitosis and the role of the B23 protein in this process have been studied.

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