Osteoconduction of Unrestricted Somatic Stem Cells on an Electrospun Polylactic-Co-Glycolic Acid Scaffold Coated with Nanohydroxyapatite


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Abstract

The limitation of traditional bone grafts could be overcome by applying engineered bone constructs, which are mainly produced by seeding suitable stem cells on appropriate scaffolds. So far, bone marrow-derived stromal cells have been the most applied cells in bone tissue engineering, but current data show that unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSCs) from human cord blood might actually be a better stem cell source due to the accessibility and noninvasive procedure of collection. In this study, we cultured USSCs on a plasma-treated electrospun polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) scaffold coated with nanohydroxyapatite (nHA). Adhesion and proliferation of USSCs on PLGA/nHA were assessed by scanning electron microscopy and MTT assay. Osteogenic differentiation of USSCs into osteoblast lineage cells was evaluated via alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Our observation showed that USSCs attached and proliferated on PLGA/nHA. Osteogenic differentiation was confirmed by increased ALP activity and OSTEONECTIN expression in USSCs on PLGA/nHA after the 1st week of the osteogenic period. Therefore, using USSCs on electrospun PLGA/nHA is a promising approach in bone tissue engineering.

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