Prospective studies have shown that abdominal obesity predicts the development of the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular events.There is a direct association of body mass index, waist circumference or waist-to-hip ratio with carotid IMT in overweight or obese individuals with Metabolic syndrome.The most common modifiable risk factor of metabolic syndrome is exessive weight. Alarmingly, 50% of children and adolescents who have been classified as overweight or obese will remain so into their adult years.Material and method
prevalence and distribution of metabolic syndrome were assessed among 300 obese and/or overweight adolescents(12-19 years) which refered to Ifahan Cardiovascular Research Center (ICRC) a collaborate of WHO in Iran at Isfahan university of Mediacal Sciences from November 2008 to September 2010. subjects were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome based on IDF definition.Results
The mean of weight and BMI was 63.14 ± 15.1 kg and 26.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2 , respectively. 59% of participants were obese (BMI were at or above the 95th percentile) and 41% were overweight (BMI were at or above the 85th percentile and lower than the 95th percentile) for children of the same age and sex. Results showed that 30% of these overweight and/or obese adolescents aged 12-19 year(51 males and 49 females) were affectaed by Metabolic syndrome based on IDF definition.Conclusion
It is important that children at an unhealthy weight should be screened to determine their risk for Metabolc syndrome and its consequences including high blood pressure, dyslipidemia,atherosclerosis and type 2 diabetes.