House dust mite,Dermatophagoides pteronissinusincreases expression of MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-8 in human monocytic THP-1 cells

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Abstract

The house dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronissinus) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including atopic dermatitis, and asthma. Monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1/CCL2)/IL-6/IL-8 (CXCL8) plays a pivotal role in mediating the infiltration of various cells into the skin of atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of D. pteronissinus extract (DpE) on expression of MCP-1/IL-6/IL-8 mRNA and protein and the signal transduction in the human monocytic cell line, THP-1. The mRNA and protein expression of MCP-1/CCL2, IL-6, and IL-8 were elevated by DpE in a time and dose-dependent manner in THP-1 cells. The increased expression of MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-8 was not affected by aprotinin (serine protease inhibitor) or E64 (cysteine protease inhibitor). We found that MCP-1 and IL-6 expression due to DpE was related to Src, protein kinase C δ (PKC δ), extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and IL-8 expression was involved in Src family tyrosine kinase, PKC δ, ERK. DpE increased the phosphorylation of ERK and p38 MAPK after 5 min and peaked at 30 min. The activation was significantly blocked by PP2, an inhibitor of Src family tyrosine kinase and rottlerin, an inhibitor of PKC δ (p < 0.01). DpE increases MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-8 expression and transduces its signal via Src family tyrosine kinase, PKC, and ERK in a protease-independent manner. This finding may contribute to the elucidation of the pathogenic mechanism triggered by DpE.

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