Two Cases of Diabetic Ketoacidosis in HNF1A-MODY Linked to Severe Dehydration: Is it time to change the diagnostic criteria for MODY?

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1A maturity-onset diabetes of the young (HNF1A-MODY) is a monogenic form of diabetes caused by heterozygous mutations in HNF1A. Currently, a history of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an exclusion criterion for genetic testing for MODY.

HISTORY AND EXAMINATION

In this article, we describe two unrelated patients aged 17 and 24 years with severe DKA developed several years after the diagnosis of HNF1A-MODY.

INVESTIGATION

Both patients were treated with insulin, but their metabolic control was poor (HbA1c 15%, 140 mmol/mol and 13%, 119 mmol/mol, respectively) due to noncompliance and missed insulin injections. In both patients, DKA followed a course of recurrent vomiting with dehydration and prerenal acute kidney injury. Their glycemia, blood pH, and base excess at admission were 97 mmol/L [1,748 mg/dL], 6.80, and −33 mmol/L (patient 1) and 34 mmol/L [613 mg/dL], 7.03, and −14 mmol/L (patient 2).

CONCLUSIONS

This anecdotal observation supports the notion that a history of DKA does not exclude MODY.

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