Identification and Management of Acute Cardiac Tamponade

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Abstract

Although incidence is rare, acute cardiac tamponade (CT) is a cardiovascular condition often resulting in a high mortality rate. In acute CT, rapid accumulation of fluid occurs in the pericardial sac and prevents the heart’s chambers from adequately filling with blood, leading to reduced diastolic filling, diminished stroke volumes, and subsequent hemodynamic instability. Health care providers should be aware of at-risk patients and the earliest signs and symptoms because an acute CT is considered a medical emergency.

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