Plethysmograph and interrupter resistance measurements in prematurely born young children

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Airways obstruction in premature infants is often assessed by plethysmography, which requires sedation. The interrupter (Rint) technique does not require sedation, but has rarely been examined in children under 2 years of age.


To compare Rint results with plethysmographic measurements of airway resistance (Raw) in prematurely born, young children.


Prospective study.


Infant and Paediatric Lung Function Laboratories.


Patients: Thirty children with a median gestational age of 25–29 weeks and median postnatal age of 13 months.


Interventions and main outcome measures: The infants were sedated, airway resistance was measured by total body plethysmography (Raw), and Rint measurements were made using a MicroRint device. Further Raw and Rint measurements were made after salbutamol administration if the children remained asleep.


Baseline measurements of Raw and Rint were obtained from 30 and 26 respectively of the children. Mean baseline Rint values were higher than mean baseline Raw results (3.45 v 2.84 kPa/l/s, p  =  0.006). Limits of agreement for the mean difference between Rint and Raw were −1.52 to 2.74 kPa/l/s. Ten infants received salbutamol, after which the mean Rint result was 3.6 kPa/l/s and mean Raw was 3.1 kPa/l/s (limits of agreement −0.28 to 1.44 kPa/l/s).


The poor agreement between Rint and Raw results suggests that Rint measurements cannot substitute for plethysmographic measurements in sedated prematurely born infants.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles