PD.04 Development and rapid prototyping of an illuminated mirror for waterbirths – from concept to prototype

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Water immersion during labour and birth is recognised as a means of empowering women and reducing need for analgesia. Although waterbirth is a ‘hands off’ birth, midwives are required to monitor progress and assist controlled delivery of the head. Viewing using a handheld mirror can often be restricted due to maternal position or inadequate lighting, which has implications for infection control and manual handling. There is therefore an unmet clinical need for a mirror with an inbuilt light suitable for use in waterbirths.


To i) undertake a scoping exercise with midwives and expecting mothers to identify the appropriate product specifications; ii) develop and iii) test prototypes based on these specifications suitable for commercial manufacture.


Using an innovative and interactive product design process, our multidisciplinary study team have developed an illuminated, flexible prototype mirror for use in waterbirths.

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