Forty patients with colorectal schistosomiasis who failed to respond to medical therapy were studied. They had dysentery with bloody mucus and anemia, polyps, pericolic masses, and schistosomal ulcers. Two patients had cecal masses which appeared to be intussusception and appendicitis. Three patients had chronic intestinal obstruction. Diverting transverse colostomy, followed by other surgical procedures, is the safest method of management.