Helicobacter pylori: Comparison of Two Treatments-Positive Functional Dyspepsia in Elderly Patients: Comparison of Two Treatments

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Abstract

The association of Helicobacter pylori and functional dyspepsia is not well defined. The role of H. pylori on dyspeptic symptoms is still controversial. The aim of this study is to confirm the efficacy of H. pylori eradication by two different commonly used treatment regimens, as well as to examine the improvement of the dyspeptic symptoms by eradicating H. pylori. H. pylori functional dyspepsia is prevalent in people over 60 years old. In this age group we treated 126 patients with bismuth plus metronidazole and amoxicillin (group A, 67 patients) versus omeprazole plus amoxicillin (group B, 59 patients). Results were statistically analyzed utilizing the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, McNemer test and chi-square test; P < 0.05 was considered significant. Two months after the end of therapy we observed an eradication rate of 66.1% in group A vs 64.3% in group B. All treated patients showed improvement in symptomatology. Although there was no significant difference between patients in whom H. pylori was or was not eradicated within the respective groups, when examining all H. pylori-positive patients versus H. pylori-negative posttreatment patients, there was a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in all four symptoms of functional dyspepsia measured. In conclusion, we suggest that patients treated with H. pylori-eradicating therapeutic regimens have an improvement in functional dyspepsia symptoms. We shall prefer the dual therapy as compared to the triple therapy. We believe that eradicating treatment to eradicate H. pylori in the elderly patients with H. pylori-related functional dyspepsia will reduce health care costs by reducing the number of subsequent visits.

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