Severe Hypophosphatemia Associated with Gallstone Pancreatitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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Abstract

Severe hypophosphatemia (<1.0 mg/dl) is a rarely reported complication of acute pancreatitis; when it does occur, it is typically attributed to alcohol abuse rather than the pancreatitis itself (1–5). In the literature, pancreatitis is not cited as a cause of hypophosphatemia (5, 6–16). Both pancreatitis and hypophosphatemia have widespread ramifications on human physiology, affecting hematologic, neural, hepatic, endocrine, respiratory, and renal systems. Given the possible synergistic consequences of pancreatitis and low serum phosphate, we emphasize the importance of recognizing hypophosphatemia as a complication of pancreatic inflammation.

Herein, we report a case of acute pancreatitis unrelated to alcohol abuse associated with severe hypophosphatemia and review the pathophysiology.

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