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The aims of this study were to investigate the incidence of coronal fracture of the anterior teeth in North Jordanian schoolchildren and to study the main predisposing factors and the factors that may affect the severity of this fracture. A study group (958) comprising schoolchildren aged 13–15 years was chosen by a simple random method from five geographical areas in Irbid Governate, Jordan. All children completed a questionnaire related to history of trauma to their anterior teeth before they had a clinical examination for lip competence, lip line and amount of fracture. Overjet was recorded from a study cast made for each student. Statistical analysis was performed using chi-square test. The results showed a prevalence of 11% of coronal fracture with female-male ratio of 1:1. An increase in the overjet more than 3 mm doubled the incidence of coronal fracture while overjet more than 6 mm increased the incidence fourfold. There was higher incidence of coronal fracture associated with lip incompetence and low lip line (P < 0.01). The severity of fracture increased in children with a larger overjet (P < 0.001). It was concluded that overjet, lip competence and lip line were important predisposing factors to coronal fracture of the anterior teeth while the severity of the fracture was mainly determined by overjet.