Referential communication performance from age 4 to 8: Effects of referent type, context, and target position

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Describes the use of a new apparatus to study referential communication performance of 48 pairs of 4-8 yr old children. The apparatus uses an electronically controlled slide projector and rear projection screens to present referent displays and to provide immediate feedback to the speaker and listener regarding accuracy. Referent type strongly affected performance, and even the youngest children performed better than chance on abstract figures. The presence of context for the speaker resulted in improved performance. An interaction of target position and age revealed a developmental trend. (5 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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