Efficacy of Botulinum Toxin Type A in the Treatment of Focal Axillary Hyperhidrosis

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Local intradermal injection of botulinum toxin Type A has become a recognized treatment for axillary hyperhidrosis. This study has investigated the efficacy of this method of treatment in terms of symptom-free interval between treatments and patients' satisfaction. We also investigated the reliance on patients' subjective assessment of the recurrence of symptoms in determining the timing of repeat injections.

METHODS

All patients referred to our clinic between May 2001 and December 2005 with a diagnosis of focal primary axillary hyperhidrosis were included in this study. Data were collected prospectively in a standard proforma. Every patient received a questionnaire to complete over a 4-week period. The questionnaire included visual analogue scales for periprocedural pain, degree of dryness, satisfaction, regret, and complications. Final symptom-free interval was recorded when the patient requested a repeat injection. The data were recorded on a spreadsheet and analyzed using standard statistical methods.

RESULTS

A total of 52 consecutive patients and 238 axillary injections were analyzed. The symptom-free interval ranged from 3 to 14 months with a median of 5.97 months. There were no significant complications from this treatment modality. A total of 97% of the patients were highly satisfied with only 1 patient regretting the treatment.

CONCLUSION

Botulinum toxin Type A is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for axillary hyperhidrosis. Timing of repeat injections as determined subjectively by patients is comparable to studies using colorimetric and gravimetric techniques to quantify the severity of sweating prior to the administration of repeat injections.

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