Safety of IncobotulinumtoxinA in the Treatment of Facial Lines: Results From a Pooled Analysis of Randomized, Prospective, Controlled Clinical Studies

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

The safety and efficacy of incobotulinumtoxinA in aesthetics has been established in multiple studies. Although individual studies have been reported, a combined assessment of incobotulinumtoxinA safety across studies is not available.

OBJECTIVE

To assess the frequency of adverse events (AEs) across prospective incobotulinumtoxinA studies in aesthetics.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Safety data were assessed from 9 placebo-controlled or active-controlled single-dose studies on glabellar frown lines (GFL), crow's feet (CF), and upper facial lines (UFL). Analyses by treatment cycle included 4 repeat-dose studies on GFL and UFL.

RESULTS

One thousand three hundred seventy-seven subjects received incobotulinumtoxinA (GFL, n = 1,189; CF, n = 83; UFL, n = 105) in single-dose studies (placebo-controlled studies: incobotulinumtoxinA, n = 866; placebo, n = 395). Over 1,000 subjects received incobotulinumtoxinA in repeat-dose studies (GFL, n = 880; UFL, n = 290). In placebo-controlled single-dose studies, incidences of treatment-related AEs ranged from 5.4% (GFL) to 22.9% (UFL). The most frequent treatment-related AE in single-dose studies was headache (GFL, 4.8%; UFL, 11.4%). In repeat-dose studies, incidence of AEs was highest during cycle 1 (GFL, 8.9%; UFL, 17.2%) and decreased across treatment cycles. No serious treatment-related AEs were observed.

CONCLUSION

Results confirm the favorable safety and tolerability of incobotulinumtoxinA. The frequency of treatment-related AEs was low and may decrease with subsequent treatments.

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