Efficacy and Tolerability of IncobotulinumtoxinA for Treating Glabellar Frown Lines in Korean Adults: A Postmarketing Observational Study

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BACKGROUNDIncobotulinumtoxinA is safe and effective in Caucasian adults. Its effects have been less documented in Asian adults.OBJECTIVETo describe the efficacy and tolerability of incobotulinumtoxinA for treating glabellar frown lines (GFLs) in South Korean adults.METHODSSouth Korean adults aged 18 to 65 years with moderate-to-severe GFLs received a single dose of 10 to 28 U incobotulinumtoxinA during routine clinical practice. After 30 ± 14 days, investigators assessed the efficacy using the Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale and rated tolerability using a 4-point scale.RESULTSSix hundred seventy-three subjects were enrolled, of which 528 completed the study according to protocol. Glabellar frown lines improved in 98.7% (521/528) of subjects, with 30.8% of cases rated as “very much improved” and 47.4% as “much improved.” The extent of improvement was unaffected by sex, age, and weight but was greater when the time between GFL identification and treatment was <6 months (p < .001) and when concomitant aesthetic nondrug treatments were used (p < .001). For 94% of subjects, tolerability was good or very good. All reported adverse events were transient and mild or moderate in severity.CONCLUSIONIncobotulinumtoxinA was well tolerated and effective for treating moderate-to-severe GFLs in Korean adults irrespective of age, sex, or weight.

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