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Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in the immune response. Here two Toll-like receptors from golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus), ToTLR1 and ToTLR2, were characterized, the full-length cDNAs were 3126 bp and 7430 bp, and the deduced proteins consisted of 801 and 825 amino acids, respectively. ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 both contained the typical TLR domain architecture including signal peptide, leucine rich repeat (LRR), C-terminal LRR domain at the extracellular region and Toll/interleukin (IL)-1 receptor (TIR) domain in the cytoplasmic region. ToTLR1 only had one intron and two exons, but ToTLR2 consisted of twelve introns and thirteen exons. The promoters of ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 contained several putative transcription factor binding sites. Phylogenetic analysis showed that ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 were clustered into the clade of TLR1 and TLR2, respectively. Tissues distribution analysis indicated that both genes were ubiquitously expressed in all examined tissues, with higher expression levels observed in blood, head-kidney and spleen. After injection with poly inosinic:cytidylic [poly(I:C)], flagellin and lipopolysaccharides (LPS), ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 mRNAs were significantly up-regulated in the immune related tissues, indicating the possible the role of ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 in defense against pathogenic microbes. Further research should be carried out to identify ligands of fish TLR1 and TLR2 in order to understand the function of these receptors.The full-length TLR1 and TLR2 cDNA and genomic sequences were identified and characterized from golden pompano.ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 were clustered into an independent clade of TLR1 family.ToTLR1 and ToTLR2 might play the important roles in defense against bacterial and parasite infection.