PlexinA2 and Sema6A are required for retinal progenitor cell migration

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In the vertebrate retina six types of neurons and one glial cell type are generated from multipotent retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) whose proliferation and differentiation are regulated by intrinsic and extrinsic factors. RPCs proliferate undergoing interkinetic nuclear migration within the neuroblastic layer, with their nuclei moving up and down along the apico-basal axis. Moreover, they only differentiate and therefore exit the cell cycle at the apical side of the neuroblastic layer. Sema6A and its receptors PlexinA4 and PlexinA2 control lamina stratification of the inner plexiform layer in the mouse retina. Nevertheless, their function in earlier developmental stages is still unknown. Here, we analyzed the embryonic retina of PlexinA2 and Sema6A knockout mice. Using time-lapse videomicroscopy we provide evidence that Sema6A/PlexinA2 signaling participates to interkinetic nuclear migration of RPCs around birth. When disrupted, RPCs migration is blocked at the apical side of the neuroblastic layer. This is the first evidence supporting a role for transmembrane molecules in the regulation of interkinetic nuclear migration in the mouse retina.

In this study, we analyzed the role of the Semaphorin6A and its receptor PlexinA2 in early mice retinogenesis. Using time lapse videomicroscopy, we found that Sema6A/PlexinA2 are implicated in the interkinetic migration of retinal progenitor cells.

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