Intraocular Pigmented Proliferations in the Context of Cytologic Evaluation

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This article is written to give an overview of the various intraocular pigmented proliferations as it pertains to cytologic evaluation and interpretation. It reviews the various epithelial and melanocytic lesions, their location and the various clinical approaches the ophthalmologist uses to aspirate the lesion. It also reviews the current thinking in the differentiation between Class I and Class II melanomas and how molecular profiling may be necessary in its differentiation which could help stratify those patients whose tumors are refractory to treatment and may benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy and eye-sparing surgery.

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