Rapid Diagnosis of Germline p53 Mutation Using the Enzyme Mismatch Cleavage Method

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The p53 tumor suppressor gene is the most commonly altered gene in human cancers. Germline mutations in p53 are the genetic alteration underlying predisposition to multiple cancers in Li-Fraumeni syndrome and Li-Fraumeni-like syndrome. We describe a patient who presented with developed adrenocortical carcinoma at age 19 months and a cerebral primitive neuroectodermal tumor at age 5 years. The patient did not have a family history of cancer. We used the enzyme mismatch cleavage (EMC) method to screen for mutations in the p53 gene and found a germline mutation in exon 7 (codon 248). Loss of heterozygosity analysis in one tumor revealed loss of the wild-type p53 allele. In our report we demonstrate the EMC method to be a rapid and sensitive method for mutation detection.

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