Missing the Mark With Latina Women With Type 2 Diabetes: Implications for Educators

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore nutritional behaviors and attitudes among Latino women with type 2 diabetes.

Methods

Women over 18 years old and previously diagnosed with type 2 diabetes were recruited to participate in semistructured qualitative interviews in their homes in Los Angeles, California, and Las Vegas, Nevada. Recruitment was conducted through flyers posted in local businesses. Interviews were conducted in Spanish or English. Data were transcribed and analyzed using an iterative process that involves reading interview transcripts and designating themes that arise from the data.

Results

Acquisition of nutritional knowledge and behavioral capability were positively associated with observational learning, formal nutritional education, and culturally competent meal planners. The use of traditional remedies and the consultation of naturistas reveal a tendency toward medical pluralism. In the home environment, husbands had the greatest influence on Latina women's attitudes and perceived choices.

Conclusions

The social environment, including support and reinforcement, is critical for Latinas' nutritional success. Observational learning is critical for Latinas' behavioral capability.

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