The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of floppy Nissen fundoplication with intraoperative esophageal manometry. Between February 1992 and July 2004, there were 102 patients with sliding hiatal hernia undergoing transabdominal Nissen fundoplication. They were divided into three groups: 27 patients were in the Nissen group (CNF), 44 in the floppy Nissen group (FNF, including 5 with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication), and 31 in the intraoperative-esophageal-manometry group (INF, 13 with laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication). There were no operation-related deaths. Operation-related complications occurred in five patients within 1 month after operation: In CNF, two patients suffered from dysphagia and one from regurgitation; in FNF, one patient had slight dysphagia and two had regurgitation; in INF, there was no one who complained about dysphagia or regurgitation, but pneumothorax occurred in one case. After more than 2 years of follow-up, two patients, in CNF, suffered from severe dysphagia, one recurred and two with abnormal 24 h pH monitoring. In FNF, one patient had dysphagia, one recurred and three had abnormal 24 h pH monitoring; in INF, two patients had acid reflux on 24 h pH monitoring. The postoperative lower esophageal sphincter pressure was in the normal range in 30 of 31 patients (96.5%). The normal rate of postoperative tests in CNF, FNF and INF were 81.5%, 86.4% and 93.5%, respectively. Both the Nissen fundoplication and the floppy Nissen fundoplication are effective approaches to treat patients with sliding hiatal hernia. Intraoperative manometry is useful in standardizing the tightness of the wrap in floppy Nissen fundoplication and may contribute to reducing or avoiding the occurence of postoperative complications.