Systematic analysis of esophageal pressure topography in high-resolution manometry of 68 normal volunteers

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The introduction of high-resolution manometry (HRM) has been a significant advance in esophageal diagnostics. Normative values however are currently based upon a single set of published reference values, and multiple new metrics have been added over the past several years. Our goal was to provide a second set of ‘normal-values’ and to include all current metrics suggested by the 2012 Chicago classification. Sixty-eight subjects without foregut symptoms or previous surgery (median age 25.5 years, ranging from 20–58 years, 53% female) underwent esophageal motility assessment via an established standardized protocol. Normative thresholds were calculated for esophago-gastric junction (EGJ) characteristics (resting, relaxation, intrabolus pressure, and lengths) as well as for esophageal body strength (contraction amplitudes at multiple levels, distal contractile integral, integrity of peristalsis) and wave propagation (contractile front velocity, distal latency). Overall, our findings where strikingly similar to the previously described metrics derived from 75 control subjects of the Northwestern group. This suggests a high degree of reproducibility of HRM.

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