Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is often associated with a higher risk of serious blood loss. Both H2-receptor antagonists and proton pump inhibitors are commonly given intravenously for endoscopic hemostatic therapies. We compared the effects of a H2-receptor antagonist (famotidine) and a proton pump inhibitor (omeprazole) injected during the early phase (the first 3 days) on cessation of bleeding and prevention of its recurrence in patients who underwent endoscopic therapy for gastroduodenal ulcer bleeding.Methods:
Consecutive patients who were hospitalized at our clinic with bleeding gastroduodenal ulcers and underwent endoscopic therapy were randomly assigned to receive injections of famotidine, omeprazole, or both. Injection of acid suppressants was switched on the fourth day to the oral administration of omeprazole continued for 8 weeks.Results:
Over a 25-month period, 116 patients were enrolled. The overall success rate for endoscopic hemostasis was 115/116 (99.1%). The success rate of hemostasis and prevention of recurrent ulcer bleeding by type of acid suppressant following endoscopic hemostasis was 39/40 (97.5%) for Group 1 (3-day omeprazole administration), 35/37 (94.6%) for Group 2 (3-day famotidine administration), and 38/39 (97.4%) for Group 3 (1-day famotidine and then 2-day omeprazole administration), yielding an overall rate of 112/116 (96.6%). No significant difference in the hemostatic effect was observed among the groups. There were also no differences in the duration of hospital days and the number of fasting days between the three groups.Conclusion:
Famotidine and omeprazole injected during the early phase of a bleeding ulcer may have similar effects to an adjuvant therapy for preventing rebleeding from endoscopically treated upper gastrointestinal bleeding in Japanese patients.