We have developed a technique for endoscopic transplantation of cultured autologous oral mucosal epithelial cell sheets to an esophageal ulcer following endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). The epithelial cell sheets successfully prevented esophageal stricture after ESD. Key technology is that epithelial cell sheets cultured from oral mucosal tissue and attached proteins can be harvested using cell sheet technology and can be transplanted to a wound site without the use of adhesive material. This regenerative procedure can promote the epithelialization of ulceration safely and effectively. In the near future, the development of advanced endoscopic treatment of regenerative medicine shows promise.