Personalized Medicine Switching from Insulin to Sulfonylurea in Permanent Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus Dictated by a Novel Activating ABCC8 Mutation

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Abstract

Background:

Neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a rare but important condition affecting approximately 1 in 100,000 newborns. Permanent form requires life-long treatment with difficulties in long-term compliance and metabolic complications. Exact genetic diagnosis can enable improved outcome and patient satisfaction by switching insulin injection to oral sulfonylureas. Successful cases have been reported with most experience on the KCNJ11-mutated permanent form. Here we report a successful experience in an ABCC8-mutated infant with permanent NDM.

Patient and Methods:

A 4-month-old Chinese girl was incidentally found to have hyperglycemia with baseline C-peptide of 0.05 nmol/L requiring insulin injection of 0.2 IU/kg/d. Genetic analysis of KCNJ11 and ABCC8 was performed by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing at the age of 3 years. Sulfonylurea transition was conducted after the ABCC8 mutation detection.

Results:

A novel homozygous ABCC8 NM_000352.3: c.3068 A>G; NP_000343.2: p.H1023R mutation was detected. C-peptide level increased to 0.14 nmol/L and HbA1c was normalized to 5.8% from 8.0% after 8 months of oral glibenclamide treatment with a maintenance dosage of 0.65 mg/kg/d.

Conclusions:

In this patient with ABCC8-mutated permanent NDM, oral sulfonylurea is also effective in achieving satisfactory diabetic control. Our study adds information to the personalized medicine practice of ABCC8-mutated permanent NDM.

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