Objective: We assessed the effect of orlistat and fenofibrate, alone or in combination, on plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) subfractions and plasma pre-beta1-HDL levels in overweight and obese subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS).
Methods: Patients (n = 89) were prescribed a low-fat low-calorie diet and were randomly allocated to receive orlistat 120 mg three times daily (O group), micronized fenofibrate 200 mg/day (F group) or both (OF group) for 6 months. HDL subfractions were determined using a polyacrylamide gel tube electrophoresis method and pre-beta1-HDL levels using enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay.
Results: We observed a significant change of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels only in the F group (+3%, p < 0.05). Large HDL-C levels were significantly increased and small HDL-C levels were significantly reduced with O administration. In F group we observed a significant increase of small HDL-C levels. No significant change of large or small HDL-C levels was observed with combination treatment. We observed a significant increase of pre-beta1-HDL levels in all groups, which was significantly greater in OF group compared with O or F monotherapy.
Conclusion: OF combination increased the antiatherogenic pre-beta1-HDL levels in overweight and obese patients with MetS. Furthermore, OF combination counterbalanced the reduction of small HDL-C levels observed with orlistat monotherapy.