The Outcome of Dream Sessions: The Influence of Dream Recency, Emotional Intensity, and Salience

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Twenty-five volunteer clients participated in 1 session with an early remembered dream (ERD) and 1 session with the most recent dream (MRD), using theHill (2004)model of dream work. ERDs were 4 times more likely to be nightmares and 2.6 times more likely to be recurrent dreams than were MRDs, but ERDs and MRDs did not differ in emotional intensity or salience. In terms of outcomes, no differences were found between sessions involving ERDs and MRDs, but salient dreams led to better session outcome. Both therapists and clients preferred working with and clients more often implemented action plans with MRDs than with ERDs.

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