Contingency Analysis and Dream Content: The Night Metaphors of a Pre-Freudian Anal Character

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Eighty dreams collected by a young male Bostonian around 1900 are described, and examined by a technique called “contingency analysis”. This involves tabulating manifest dream content elements in a number of different related classes, and examining the number of times elements in two or more classes occur together. In this man, dream content was examined for 14 classes of elements judged to relate to “anal” themes: dream elements in these classes co-occurred far more than expected by chance.

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