Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are inflammatory disorders of the airways. The pharmacological management of these chronic diseases is based on persistent and long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs).Key Points
Asthma and COPD are among the most common chronic diseases in clinical settings, and physicians are expected to diagnose and manage those diseases in the geriatric population on a daily basis. The management of chronic obstructive respiratory diseases in the geriatric population is complicated by the increased occurrence of comorbidities and associated treatment, and by age-associated physiological and structural changes of the lung.Key Points
The chronic use of ICSs in the elderly is associated with the increased risk of local and systemic side effects such as candidiasis, cataract, glaucoma, diabetes mellitus, bone fractures, and pneumonia. Physicians should be aware of this in order to select those patients in whom the benefits will outweigh the risks.