Biocompatibility and biomineralization assessment of a new root canal sealer and root-end filling material

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Abstract

Objective

This study investigated the short-term subcutaneous tissue reaction and biomineralization ability of two epoxy-based root canal sealers containing calcium hydroxide (MBP and MBPc) and ProRoot MTA.

Materials and methods

Polyethylene tubes containing the materials were implanted into the dorsal connective tissue of Wistar rats (n = 52) for 7 or 30 days; empty implanted tubes served as controls. Specimens were stained with hematoxylin–eosin and von Kossa stain or left unstained for observation under polarized light. Qualitative and quantitative evaluations of all tissue reactions were performed. One-way ANOVA and the Kruskal–Wallis test were used for statistical analysis (P < 0.05).

Results

No significant differences were observed among the groups. All three materials induced mild-to-moderate tissue reactions at 7 days, which decreased over time. Dystrophic mineralization and birefringent structures were observed only in the ProRoot MTA ® group.

Conclusion

Both MBP and MBPc appear to be biocompatible but do not stimulate biomineralization.

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