Percutaneous closure of the left atrial appendage in patients with diabetes mellitus

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Left atrial appendage closure is a preventive treatment of atrial fibrillation–related thrombo-embolism. Patients with diabetes mellitus have increased risk for a negative outcome in percutaneous cardiac interventions. We assessed whether percutaneous left atrial appendage closure is safe and effective in patients with diabetes mellitus.


We included 78 patients (mean age of 74.4 ± 8.3 years) with indication for left atrial appendage closure in an open-label observational single-centre study.


Patients with diabetes mellitus (n = 31) were at higher thrombo-embolic and bleeding risk (CHA2DS2-VASc: 4.5 ± 0.9, HAS-BLED: 4.7 ± 0.7) compared to patients without diabetes mellitus (n = 47, CHA2DS2-VASc: 3.5 ± 1.0, HAS-BLED: 4.1 ± 0.8; p < 0.001 for both). Pre- and periprocedural risk was elevated in patients with diabetes mellitus (Euro II-Score: 6.6 ± 3.7 vs 3.9 ± 1.9, p < 0.01; Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)-Score: 4.0 ± 2.5 vs 2.6 ± 1.2, p < 0.01). Procedural success was similar. Periprocedural major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events occurred in one patient from the control group (2.1%), whereas patients with diabetes mellitus had no events (p = 0.672). Follow-up of 6 months revealed no bleeding complication in both groups. No stroke occurred in follow-up, and left atrial appendage flow velocity reduction (55.6 ± 38.6 vs 51.4 ± 19.1 cm/s, p = 0.474) and rate of postinterventional leakage in the left atrial appendage were comparable (0% vs 2.1%, p = 0.672).


Despite patients with diabetes mellitus are high-risk patients, the outcome of percutaneous left atrial appendage closure is similar to patients without diabetes mellitus.

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