The role of long non-coding RNA in diabetic retinopathy, a serious complication of diabetes mellitus, has attracted increasing attention in recent years. The purpose of this study was to explore whether long non-coding RNA nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 was involved in the context of diabetic retinopathy and its underlying mechanisms.Results:
Our results revealed that nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 was significantly downregulated in the retina of diabetes mellitus rats. Meanwhile, miR-497 was significantly increased in diabetes mellitus rats’ retina and high glucose–treated Müller cells, but brain-derived neurotrophic factor was increased. We also found that high glucose–induced apoptosis of Müller cells was accompanied by the significant downregulation of nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 in vitro. Further study demonstrated that high glucose–promoted Müller cells apoptosis through downregulating nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 and downregulated nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 mediated this effect via negative regulating miR-497. Moreover, brain-derived neurotrophic factor was negatively regulated by miR-497 and associated with the apoptosis of Müller cells under high glucose.Conclusion:
Our results suggested that under diabetic conditions, downregulated nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 decreased the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor through elevating miR-497, thereby promoting Müller cells apoptosis and aggravating diabetic retinopathy.